Widely used for wide range of applications, many brands in large packaging choices
Many mobile applications such as MP3 / CD players, digital cameras, GPS, pager, remote controls, watches, measuring systems, toys, flashlights, and many other devices are powered by primary alkaline manganese batteries. Each of these devices requires a powerful energy source initially and as replacements later, whereby the discharge profiles can be very different. Alkaline batteries of the types LR03 / AAA, LR 6 / AA, LR14 / C, LR20 / D and 9V block provide a good solution for all these requirements. These are available from well-known manufacturers and in various packaging versions. Excellent performance characteristics, long service life, safety, reliability, and rapid availability are the main criteria for their application.
Alkaline manganese batteries need to be disposed of properly in Germany according to the Battery Act (BattG) (and likewise in many other countries, since the BattG is based on a European directive). Batteries are collected at retail locations in containers provided for that purpose. Batteries should not be disposed of in any other waste collection containers or in the environment because they contain contaminants and recoverable materials.
An alkaline manganese battery or alkaline manganese cell is a galvanic element and one of the most important electrochemical energy storage devices. Due to higher capacity, better durability, and longer shelf life it has replaced zinc carbon batteries in many applications. The alkaline battery is a further development of the Leclanché element. Alkaline batteries would be described more aptly as zinc pyrolusite cell with alkaline electrolyte, since the electrochemically active material is zinc in the negative electrode and pyrolusite in the positive electrode (manganese dioxide). An alkaline solution, specifically a concentrated potassium hydroxide solution (potash)is used as an electrolyte. Alkaline cells are primary elements, i.e. they are non-rechargeable batteries.
The nominal voltage of alkaline batteries is 1.5V. The most important types are cylindrical cells (for example LR6 = alkali manganese AA or mignon) and button cells (such as LR44). Several individual cells can also be combined into batteries (for example, 6LR61 = alkaline manganese 9V block made up of six cells).